A Comparative Study of the Psychosocial Assets of Adults with Cystic Fibrosis and Their Healthy Peers: Results (Part 2)

Among older CF adults in San Diego, only 22 percent had graduated from college, whereas 63 percent had done so in the Cleveland sample of Fink et al. Such a discrepancy is hard to explain given that the San Diego sample and the NIH sample described by Boyle et al had identical mean years of education. San Diego had the smallest percentage of married subjects but appeared not to differ substantially in this respect from other samples at the lower end of the distribution.
Sociodemographic Comparison of the CF and the Healthy Group
The CF and the healthy comparison groups did not differ statistically in age, marital status, presence or number of dependents, income, or mean social class rating (Table 3). Also, there were no significant differences in student status or distribution of Hollingshead Occupational Status Ratings (Table 4). flovent inhaler
The CF group did have a significantly larger percentage of male subjects than the comparison group, and they averaged one year less of education; there was also a trend for members of the CF group to be less likely to have a college degree. The percentage of subjects who were financially self-supporting was nearly equal in both groups. However, CF subjects who were not self-supporting were five times more likely than members of the comparison group to be supported solely by someone else and only half as likely to make at least some contribution to their own financial support. Subjects with CF were also less likely to be employed, with the reason appearing to be exclusively health related. Finally, there was a significant difference in the living arrangements adopted by members of the two groups, with CF subjects more likely to live alone or with their parents and members of the comparison group more likely to live with nonintimate others (ie, roommates).

Table 3—Sociodemographic Characteristics of CF Adult Group and Healthy Comparison Group

CF Adult

Healthy

Group

Comparison Group

Characteristic

(N = 37)

(N = 46)

p valuet

Age, yr

Mean

27.2

27.6

.787

Range

19-44

20-46

Sex, % male

76

46

.011

Marital status,

22

22

1.000

% married

Have dependents,

24

26

.800

% with

No. of dependents

.24

.26

.878

(mean)

Education, yr

14.2

15.3

.019

(mean)

Hollingshead

3.1

3.2

.581

social class

rating (mean)

Income available

3.9

4.3

.479

for support,

mean scale

score (4 = 20 M-

25M/yr)

fTwo-tailed t tests.

 Table 4—Distribution of Various Sociodemographicl Psychosocial Characteristics within the CF Adult and Healthy Comparison Groups (By Percentage)

CF Adult Group Characteristic (N = 37)

Healthy Comparison Group (N =46)

Educational attainment

College degree 14

36

Some college 65

51

No college 22

13

X2= 5.34; p=.069

Student status

Student, full-time 19

26

Student, part-time 14

26

Nonstudent 68

48

X2= 3.45; p=. 178

Hollingshead Occupational

Status Rating®

Professional, managerial, 42

38

or administrative

Clerical or sales 30

27

Other 27

36

X2= .60; p= .741

Source of financial support

Subject 43

46

Another person 35

7

Subject and 22

48

another person

X2= 12.63; p=.002

Employment status

Employed, full-time 38

54

Employed, part-time 14

24

Not working due 27

0

to health

Not working for 22

22

other reasons

X2= 14.77; p=.002

Living arrangements

Live with parents 38

9

Live with spouse or 35

39

significant other

Live alone 19

11

Live with others 8

41

X2= 17.56; p<.001

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